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Cardiovascular and heart diseases

Aneurysm of the abdominal aorta
An aneurysm of the abdominal aorta corresponds to the dilation of the part of the aorta situated in the abdomen (abdominal aorta) usually sitting in its terminal segment... More

Arteritis of the lower members
The arteritis of the lower members corresponds to an attack of the arteries wall of the lower members, most often related with the atheromatous illness... More

Atrioventricular block
An atrioventricular block is defined as a conduction disorder of the nervous impulse at the level of the atrio-ventricular junction, i.e. between the atrium and the ventricle... More

Junctional tachycardia
This illness is defined as the occurrence of an intermittent tachycardia, provoked by an anomaly of the conduction of the nervous impulse in the heart... More

Cardiogenic shock and acute cardiac insufficiency
When the heart no longer functions normally, when it is no longer strong enough to eject blood, this situation is called a state of shock... More

Interauricular communication
An interauricular communication is defined as the passage of the blood of an atrium to the other, as a rule from the left atrium toward the right atrium... More

Interventricular communication
The inter-ventricular communication corresponds to the abnormal passage of blood between the two ventricles (generally from the left ventricle toward the right ventricle)... More

Aortic dissection
The aortic dissection is defined as the longitudinal splitting of the aorta wall. It is a relatively rare but serious disease... More

Pain in the chest (thoracic pain)
The pain in the chest is a frequent motive of consultation and must impose on the physician to search for its cause... More

Pulmonary embolism
A pulmonary embolism is defined as a total or partial obliteration of the pulmonary arterial network by one or several blood clots... More

infective endocarditis
The infective endocarditis is a serious illness in itself, but also because of the context on which it occurs... More

Premature beats
A premature beat (or extrasystole) is defined as a heart rhythm disorder, corresponding to a premature contraction of one of the heart cavities, either the auricle, or the ventricle... More

Atrial fibrillation
An atrial fibrillation is defined as the anarchical contraction of the auricles, inducing a fast and irregular contraction of the ventricles situated just underneath... More

Atrial flutter
An atrial flutter is defined as the fast contraction of the auricles, that induces a fast contraction of the ventricles situated just underneath... More

Myocardial infarction - Heart attack
The myocardial infarction (heart attack) is defined as a reduction of the contribution in oxygen to the heart muscle cells; it is responsible for the death of these cells... More

Aortic insufficiency
The aortic insufficiency is defined as an abnormal reflux of the aorta blood toward the left ventricle, due to a tightness defect of the aortic valves... More

Right cardiac insufficiency
A right ventricular insufficiency corresponds to the inability of the right ventricle to assure a blood output sufficient for the organism's needs and in particular the lung's... More

Left cardiac insufficiency
A left cardiac insufficiency, or left ventricular insufficiency, is defined as the inability of the left ventricle to assure the blood output necessary to the organism's needs... More

Mitral insufficiency
A mitral insufficiency is defined as an abnormal reflux of blood from the left ventricle toward the left auricle when the left ventricle contracts... More

Management of oedemas
An oedema is defined as an increase of the interstitial liquid, infiltrated in tissues, responsible for an increase in volume of the anatomical areas presenting oedemas... More

Lack of blood contribution at the lower members level
A lack of blood contribution at the lower members level, and more especially of their extremities, is due to a brutal interruption of the blood circulation... More

Acute pericarditis
A pericarditis is defined as an inflammation of the pericardium, generally responsible for the occurrence of a liquid in the pericardium... More

Patent ductus arteriosus
Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital illness, occurring therefore from the child's birth, corresponding to the patent of a ductus arteriosus between the pulmonary artery and the aorta... More

Loss of consciousness
A loss of consciousness is defined as the subject’s suspension of his conscious relationships with the outside world, during a time generally lower than 3 minutes... More

Deep venous thrombosis (phlebitis) of the lower limbs
Venous thrombosis (phlebitis) is defined as the formation of a blood clot in a vein, responsible for an obstruction of the blood flow at the level of this vein... More

Aortic stenosis
An aortic stenosis is defined as a reduction of the surface of the aortic valve.... More

Stenosis of the carotid artery
The stenosis of the carotid arteries is a relatively frequent illness in the general population from a certain age... More

Mitral stenosis
A mitral stenosis is defined as a reduction of the surface of the mitral valve... More

Surveillance of the valvular prostheses
Implanting a valvular prosthesis, i.e. the mechanical or biologic type, exposes to some complications that should be well known... More

Ventricular tachycardia
The ventricular tachycardia is defined by the occurrence of a fast heart rhythm, superior to 100 per minute, due to a not-controlled activation of the ventricles... More

Cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis
A tamponade is defined as the excessive presence of liquid in the pericardium, preventing the heart from contracting normally... More

Syndrome of Wolff-Parkinson-White
This illness is defined as the occurrence of an intermittent tachycardia, caused by an abnormality of the conduction of the nervous impulse in the heart... More


The coronarography, literally meaning the “x-ray of the coronary arteries”, is an exam requiring to puncture an artery of a member in order to introduce a hose through which a product impervious to X-rays will be injected, directly into the coronary arteries. More

More informations about high blood pressure : How to measure it, what to do in case of hypertension...
Visit the Blood Pressure & Hypertension web site.

Informations on Heart & Vessels are only given by doctors who are specialized in cardiology.

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